Economy & Energy Task Force

OVERVIEW

The Economic and Energy Task Force is part of the Friends of Ukraine Network established by the U.S.-Ukraine Foundation (USUF) as an outgrowth of the Foundation’s policy dialogue series. Its purpose is to examine and help facilitate greater business and investment development in Ukraine by providing recommendations, analyses and a public platform for discussion of Ukraine’s economic needs and progress in establishing the necessary reforms and steps to increase the country’s overall business climate and energy needs. In addition, the Task Force will provide recommendations to U.S. policy makers to help facilitate U.S. and international assistance to Ukraine. The upcoming presidential election in Ukraine can be a crucial turning point for the country’s reform efforts and support by the international community. As a result, the Task Force is committed to working closely with U.S. and Ukrainian policy makers to ensure continued progress of the reform efforts. The Task Force is chaired by Ambassador Roman Popadiuk, who also serves as Chairman of the Foundation’s Board of Directors. Chairing the economic work of the Task Force is Anders Aslund (Atlantic Council) while the energy sector is chaired by Edward Chow (Center for Strategic and International Studies).

A special subgroup of the Task Force is the Defense Group whose aim is to provide specific recommendations related to the privatization and facilitation of investment in Ukraine’s defense sector in order to help Ukraine’s economy and to also help strengthen the organization and functioning of Ukraine’s military sector. Serving as Chairman of the group is David Rigsby, who is also a member of the Foundation’s Board of Directors. Activities of the Defense Group fall under direction of the Task Force.

TASK FORCE MEMBER LIST

Amb. Roman Popadiuk, Chair (U.S.-Ukraine Foundation)

Anders Aslund, Vice Chair/Economy (Atlantic Council)

Dawn Calabia, Vice Chair/Humanitarian (Refugees International)

Edward Chow, Vice Chair/Energy (Center for Strategic and International Studies)

David Rigsby, Vice Chair/Defense Sector (Board Member, USUF)

David Mohler (Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Energy)

Tanya Shea (People of Ukraine Foundation)

Morgan Williams (US-Ukraine Business Council)

2020 FOUND RECOMMENDATIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES
• Increase U.S. political and diplomatic engagement with Ukrainian government and civil society and
international partners to support implementation of reforms in Ukraine.
• Support and encourage the new president’s and government’s efforts to implement and carry out critical anti-corruption and democratic reforms.
• Deepen political, development and economic cooperation among the U.S., European Union and other international partners of Ukraine to strengthen Ukraine’s democracy, resiliency, fight against corruption
and Russian aggression.
• Urge the U.S. Congress to hold hearings on Ukraine’s democratic reform efforts and play a role in determining conditionality on U.S. assistance and support for Ukraine.
• Utilize the political capital and other relevant resources of the three bilateral working groups (on Security and Countering Russian Aggression, Rule of Law and Humanitarian Issues, and Economy and Energy)
created in November 2018 in the framework of the U.S.-Ukraine Strategic Partnership Commission.
• Provide robust U.S. government support for Ukraine’s democratic development, including an independent judiciary, strengthened rule of law, human rights and law enforcement.
• Maintain, and, as necessary, increase, U.S. government funding to strengthen Ukraine’s election processes to ensure that elections meet international democratic standards and are free, fair, open and
transparent.
• Consider providing additional funding to help Ukraine defend its election infrastructure against cyberattacks from Russia and other malign actors.
• Intensify diplomatic and political support for Ukraine’s civil society to strengthen their efforts to combat corruption, monitor government and hold it accountable, and eliminate any attempts to curtail
activists’ lawful activities, cease attacks and pressure on them.
• Maintain, and increase, where appropriate, current levels of U.S. government funding and technical assistance to further develop and strengthen civil society organizations, with a focus on their institutional
development and capacity building.
• Maintain, and increase, where appropriate, support for reform-oriented national political parties.
• Where appropriate, the United States should apply targeted conditionality to both development and new macroeconomic assistance support focused on the passage and implementation of key democratic
and rule of law reforms, including independent and impartial courts, as well as comprehensive reform of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU).
• Increase or maintain current levels of U.S. government funding for academic, professional, and people-to-people exchanges through existing — and new — exchange programs with Ukraine.
• Increase or maintain current levels of U.S. government funding for the development of independent and investigative media in Ukraine.
• Continue to fund the Ukrainian Services of the Voice of America and Radio Liberty at levels that enable them to vigorously respond to Russian disinformation as well as the informational shortcomings and
biases of oligarch-controlled media in Ukraine.
• Continue U.S. assistance in support of decentralization in Ukraine, empowering local governments and communities as purveyors and implementers of reforms and more responsive governance.
• Target assistance for programs to improve trust and confidence and reconciliation between citizens and government in eastern Ukraine.

 

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR UKRAINE
• Build and improve upon the election code passed in July 2019, including electoral framework and administration, campaign conduct and financing, the information environment, and participation.
• Revise laws governing campaign financing to ensure greater transparency and accountability.
• Facilitate voting by IDPs, other internal migrants and citizens registered in Russian-occupied Crimea and the Donbas.
• Implement elections-related recommendations of the OSCE and other international organizations such as the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and International Republican Institute (IRI), as well as the
roadmap for progress outlined by International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) and Ukrainian civil society organizations OPORA, Centre UA (particularly the Chesno NGO) and Reanimation Package
of Reforms (RPR).
• Continue to make concrete progress implementing reforms and in strengthening the rule of law, promoting further reform of the judicial system and of law enforcement structures, and more resolutely
combat corruption.
• Strengthen the rule of law by reshuffling tainted judicial self-governance bodies, ensure a transparent and competitive selection process for the court apparatus and take other measures recommended
by civil society and international experts to improve judicial independence, integrity, professionalism and accountability.
• Support efforts to develop the High Anti-Corruption Court and help ensure anti-corruption institutions work together in fostering rule of law, and transparent and accountable government.
• Encourage Ukraine’s pro-reform forces and judiciary system to undertake and implement reforms that would better hold corrupt officials to account.
• Encourage systemic reforms that would reduce opportunities for government officials to engage in corrupt activities.
• Shore up efforts to safeguard the effectiveness of anti-corruption legal tools and institutions, including final passage of the law on illegal enrichment.
• Remove or amend legislation that unduly and unfairly hampers the work of civil society and refrain from further attempts to limit the space for its operation.
• Thoroughly and impartially investigate and punish all instances of killings and other attacks on civil society activists, journalists, and members of minority groups, including Roma.
• Support and do not undermine the work of the National Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU), equip it with the ne cessary tools for its effective activity, safeguard existing anticorruption legislation from being
watered down.
• Ensure the transparency, effectiveness and political independence of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office (SAPO).

Please click here to read FOUN 2020 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR US ASSISTANCE TO UKRAINE