Jackson-Vanik and Ukraine One Year Later: An Assessment
March 23, 2007
March 23, 2007 marks the one year anniversary of Ukraine’s graduation from the Jackson-Vanik Amendment and the establishment of permanent normal trade relations between the United States and Ukraine.
The Coalition for a Secure and Democratic Ukraine cordially invites you to watch “Jackson-Vanik and Ukraine One Year Later: An Assessment.”
Introductory Remarks: Vera Andrushkiw, U.S.-Ukraine Foundation Vice President
Ambassador Steven Pifer, Co-Chair of Coalition for a Secure and Democratic Ukraine
Ambassador William Green Miller, Co-Chair of Coalition for a Secure and Democratic Ukraine
Mark Levin, Executive Director, NCSJ
United States Graduates Ukraine from Jackson-Vanik
|President Bush is joined by, from left to right, U.S. Sen. Richard
Lugar, R- Ind.; U.S. Rep. Jim Gerlach, R- Pa.; U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos,
D-Calif.; U.S. Rep. Candice Miller, R-Mich; U.S. Rep. Curt Weldon,
R-Pa., and U.S. Rep. Mike Fitzpatrick, R-Pa. White House photo by
President Bush Signs Bill to Graduate Ukraine From
March 23, 2006
WASHINGTON, DC - President of the United States George
W. Bush today lifted Ukraine from the provisions of the Jackson-Vanik
Amendment by signing into law H.R. 1053, a bill which authorizes the
Extension of Nondiscriminatory Treatment to the Products of Ukraine.
President Bush declared that "The bill I sign today
marks the beginning of a new era in our history with Ukraine."
The President pointed out that "As Ukraine embraces
democracy and more open trade, our nation's friendship will grow. President
Yushchenko has made reforms to increase transparency and provide intellectual
property protection and strengthen the enforcement of the rule of law.
These reforms have taken great conviction. And earlier
this month, our two nations signed a bilateral agreement that will establish
the terms of trade between our nations when Ukraine joins the World
Trade Organization. We support Ukraine's goal of joining the WTO, and
we will help resolve the remaining steps required for entry as quickly
as possible. As the Ukrainian government continues to build on a record
of progress at home, we will help Ukraine joins the institutions that
unite free nations and become a part of Europe that is whole, free,
and at peace."
Full text of President Bush's Speech
The ceremony took place in the Old Executive Office Building.
Those in attendance included Ukraine's Ambassador to the United States,
Oleh Shamshur, Senator Richard G. Lugar (R-IN), Representative Jim Gerlach
(R-PA), Representative Tom Lantos (D-CA), Representative Candice S.
Miller (R-MI), Representative Curt Weldon (R-PA), and Representative
Michael G Fitzpatrick (R- PA), as well as Jackson-Vanik Graduation Coalition
The event marked the finality of a Cold War relic
from Ukraines Soviet past. The 1974 Amendment, named for Senators
Henry "Scoop" Jackson and Charles Vanik, imposed trade restrictions
by the U.S. on the Soviet Union in response to its poor human rights
policies, particularly restrictions on the emigration of religious minorities.
More than thirty years later and during the past 15 years of independence,
Ukraine built a strong record of allowing open emigration and created
conditions for religious minorities to pursue their beliefs freely.
Ukraines graduation from the Jackson-Vanik Amendment was earned
by this record of success.
While the road to the White House was a long one for Ukraines
eventual graduation, it is important to note that the action taken today
was almost a year following President Yushchenkos initial visit
to Washington during which the joint Bush-Yushchenko April 4, 2005 joint
statement called for immediately ending application of Jackson-Vanik
On November 18, 2005 the Senate passed by unanimous consent
S. 632 to graduate Ukraine from the provisions of the Jackson-Vanik
Amendment. Similar action was taken by the House of Representatives
on March 8, 2006 when it passed H.R. 1053. The final vote results were
417 votes cast in favor of the bill, 2 against, and 3 abstentions. On
Friday, March 9, 2006 the Senate passed the vote on a bill introduced
by Senator Richard Lugar by unanimous consent agreeing by that with
the House H.R. 1053 bill.